Here is your answer to question what are the main causes of kidney disease, so read this causes of causes of chronic kidney disease in young adults.

Main causes of chronic kidney disease in young adults

What are the main causes of Kidney disease?
What are the main causes of Kidney disease?

As you may know, there are two types of kidney disease: Acute Kidney Injury (AKI), Acute renal failure (ARF) and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) which can lead to Chronic Kidney Disease (CRF).

So below are some of the causes of chronic kidney disease in young adults and general people.

Most Common causes of chronic kidney disease listed below

Diabetes. Globally, diabetes is the most common cause of CKD and the most common cause of kidney failure in many countries. About 25-40% of people with diabetes develop kidney disease (also called diabetic nephropathy) within 20-25 years of the onset of diabetes.

High blood pressure. The second most common cause of CKD. If you look at the changes in our lifestyle over time - less exercise, more exercise, increased alcohol consumption, and higher levels of stress for many people, it is not surprising that the incidence of heart disease and high blood pressure rises.

Glomerulonephritis. The name is given to a list of conditions that can affect kidney glomeruli. The kidneys consist of small units (nephrons) that are responsible for filtering the kidneys, the glomeruli that are clusters of blood vessels found inside each nephron. If your glomeruli is damaged, the kidneys are unable to eliminate waste and excess fluid from the body.

IgA Nephropathy. (also known as Berger's disease) is the most common cause of Glomerulonephritis. Immunoglobulin A (IgA) is an antibody that plays an important role in the immune system by attacking invading bacteria and fighting infections.

In IgA nephropathy, this antibody accumulates in glomeruli, causing inflammation (glomerulonephritis) and blocking the kidney filter system, which can eventually lead to kidney failure.

The exact cause of IgA and prophylactic is unknown in most cases, infection can contribute to its development, and its presence among certain families suggests that it may be genetic predisposition in some people.

It has also been suggested that the effects of IgA nephropathy range from hypersensitivity to dietary antigens as they are associated with celiac disease.

IgA nephropathy is classified as an autoimmune condition because the disease is due to the immune system attacking the kidney tissue.

So above are some of the most common causes of chronic kidney disease in young adults.

Other base causes of chronic kidney disease

Other than the common causes of chronic kidney disease listed above, below are some of the other cause of chronic disease.

  1. Autoimmune diseases: Autoimmune conditions occur when the immune system unnecessarily attacks healthy tissues, damaging their structure and thus altering function. Eg. Lupus, IgA Nephropathy.
  2. Tissue Diseases: These are a group of diseases that affect parts of the body that connect body structures together such as nerves, muscles, skin, cartilage, bones and blood vessels. These problems can include and damage organs such as the kidneys. Eg. SLE and Sjogren's syndrome.
  3. Antiretroviral drugs: Antiretroviral drugs need to be isolated and excreted which can put a strain on the detoxifying organs such as the kidneys. Several drugs in particular are known to cause direct kidney damage. Eg. NSAIDs, analgesics, antibiotics, gout medications, stomach, chemicals.
  4. Exposure to hydrocarbon solvents: such as benzene, petroleum ether, and turpentine.
  5. Genetics: Several types of kidney disease have a genetic link and are caused by genetic problems (mutations). Eg. Polycystic Kidney Disease, Alport Syndrome, Fabry Disease.
  6. Polycystic Kidney Disease: PKD is an inherited kidney disease that causes fluid-filled cysts to form kidneys that interfere with the formation of filtration units, leading to decreased renal function.
  7. Alport Syndrome: a inherited condition that affects the encoding of DNA to collagen elements and proteins within the kidneys, eyes, and ears.
  8. Heavy metals: This type of kidney injury can be serious but is often seen as causing permanent damage from long-term exposure, such as going to work or environmental toxins. Eg. arsenic, cadmium, lead, and mercury.
  9. Infection: Especially Streptococcus which can cause Post Streptococcus glomerulonephritis which is a type of kidney injury that occurs after infection (usually spreading through the throat or skin infection) by Streptococcus bacteria. Chronic kidney disease (pyelonephritis) caused by bacteria can also damage the kidneys.
  10. Kidney stones: Stones can cause obstruction of the ureters, which if left untreated can cause kidney damage over time. Stones can also cause kidney infection which can lead to inflammation and rupture of the kidneys.
  11. Liver cirrhosis: This can cause direct kidney damage but also often lead to Type II Diabetes as we know, is the leading cause of kidney disease.
  12. Prostate Disease: An enlarged prostate can block the flow of urine and cause blockages that can damage the kidneys over time.
  13. Reflux nephropathy: A recurrence of urine in the kidneys causes damage over time which can eventually lead to kidney damage and kidney disease.

So as we told you the common cause of chronic kidney disease in adults, we also listed some of the more causes above.

Causes of Critical Kidney Injuries

Anyone can get Critical kidney injury (CKI). Most of the time, CKI occurs in people who are already ill and in hospital. People in the intensive care unit (ICU) are much more likely than people in other hospital units to have CKI. This is because people who need to be in the ICU are already very sick.

Other things that can increase the risk of having Critical kidney injury (CKI) include:

  1. Being 65 years of age or older
  2. Having kidney disease or kidney problem
  3. High blood pressure
  4. Having an incurable disease, such as heart disease, liver disease, or diabetes
  5. Side vascular disease (a condition that makes it difficult for your blood to reach your arms and legs)
  6. Acute kidney injury (AKI) usually occurs when your kidneys are suddenly damaged. Damage leading to AKI may have been caused by:
  7. Not enough blood flows through your kidneys
  8. Direct damage to your kidneys or problem with your kidneys
  9. Closing of your ureters, tubes that carry urine from your kidneys to your bladder

Causes of little blood flow through kidney

As we have discussed causes of chronic kidney disease in young adults, below are some other reasons that shows the causes of little blow flow through kidney that arises kidney disease danger in teenagers and young adults.

Some examples of problems that can cause you to have very little blood flowing through your kidneys are:

Low blood pressure

  1. Excessive bleeding
  2. Having severe diarrhea
  3. Heart disease or heart disease
  4. Infection
  5. Liver failure
  6. You are using NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), such as Aspirin, Ibuprofen, and Naproxen
  7. Great burn
  8. Excess weight loss (dehydration)
  9. Excessive body reaction

Causes of direct kidney damage at young age

Kidney damage is the result of causes of chronic kidney disease in young adults, and below are some more reasons that are the cause of direct kidney damage and the reasons what can cause kidney failure in young adults.

Some examples of problems that can cause direct kidney damage are:

  1. Blood clots in or around the kidneys
  2. Diseases affecting the kidneys, such as Glomerulonephritis and Lupus
  3. Infection
  4. Certain medications, such as certain chemotherapy, other antibiotics, and comparative dyes used during CT scans, MRI scans, and other imaging tests
  5. Excessive drinking or drug abuse
  6. Other disorders of the blood or blood vessels

Causes of blockage in urinary tract

Some examples of problems that may cause blockage in your urinary tract are:

  1. Cancer
  2. Blood clots in or around the kidneys
  3. Kidney stones
  4. Problems with the bladder
  5. Enlarged prostate (in men)

Treatment of Serious Acute Kidney Injury?

Acute Kidney Injury treatment depends on what made it happen. Most people need to stay in the hospital during treatment until their kidneys recover. While you are being treated for a problem with your Acute Kidney Injury, you may have treatment options to prevent complications that could make it harder to treat your kidneys. Other possible treatments include:

  1. Temporary hemodialysis to do the work that your kidneys should have done until they recover
  2. Medications to control the amount of vitamins and minerals in your blood
  3. Treatment to keep the right amount of fluid in your blood
  4. When you get home, your doctor may ask you to follow a friendly kidney diet to plan to help your kidneys continue healing. Your doctor may refer you to a dietitian.

Preventing Acute Kidney Injuries

Because Acute Kidney Injury happens all of a sudden, it can be hard to predict or stop it. But taking care of your kidneys can help prevent AKI, Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), and Kidney FailureESRD. Follow these general rules to keep your kidneys as healthy as possible:

  1. Work with your doctor to treat diabetes and high blood pressure.
  2. Live well! Eat low-salt and high-fat diets, exercise for 30 minutes at least five days a week, cut down on alcohol, and take all prescriptions as prescribed by your doctor.
  3. If you are taking over-the-counter pain medications, such as Aspirin or Ibuprofen, do not take more than the recommended dose. Taking too much of these drugs can damage your kidneys and can cause AKI.

So we hope you get the info on some of the common causes of chronic kidney disease in young adults and some prevention tips to safeguard yourself.

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